The Republican-controlled U.S. Senate on Wednesday voted to oust President Donald Trump, but, as expected, the impeachment process ended with the White House chief’s acquittal on both allegations against him by the House of Representatives, where Democrats dominate.
US President Donald Trump, acquitted by the Senate on Wednesday of a dismissal that has kept America in suspense, announced that he will address the White House Thursday afternoon.
“I will make a statement tomorrow, at noon at the White House, to talk about our country’s victory against this impeachment masquerade,” written on Twitter Donald Trump.
The impeachment procedure targeting Donald Trump has been officially closed after the president was acquitted on both counts in the Senate.
Final score: Donald Trump declared innocent for obstructing Congress by 53 votes to 47.
To dismiss the president, it would take two-thirds of the 100 votes in the Senate. However, none of the 53 Republicans in the upper house of Congress announced that he would vote for. Democrats have 45 seats in Congress, and 2 other senators are independent (Bernie Sanders and Angus King). Usually, the vice president of the United States is also the president of the Senate, but he can vote only in cases of perfect equality of votes, his vote always being the decisive one. In this case, however, Vice President Mike Pence cannot vote, being in a direct conflict of interest – his decisive vote could be to put him in the position of President of the United States.
This whole saga started in September 2019, when the House of Representatives announced that the investigation into the indictment of Donald Trump is underway.
The charges against Donald Trump
Abuse of power is Donald Trump’s first indictment. The president is suspected of putting pressure on Ukraine to influence his 2020 presidential campaign. He has suspended military aid to Kiev and postponed a meeting at the White House.
The congressional obstruction is Donald Trump’s second indictment and was formulated for the president’s efforts to conceal his abuse of power.
Impeachment or indictment is a procedure enshrined in the US Constitution whereby Congress can, after an investigation, accuse an official of the executive power of “serious crimes and crimes” and then dismiss him following a political trial. The prerogative of prosecution belongs to the House of Representatives, while the prerogative of the trial of the case belongs to the Senate.
Not only the President of the United States can be charged. The procedure may be initiated for any member of the executive branch, including the vice president or cabinet members. In a presidential system, such as the United States, the executive is not accountable to the legislature, and the only way a president can be dismissed is through the indictment procedure.
Each charge is analyzed by the senators and for each of them, a separate vote is given. If the officer is found guilty of any of the charges, he is automatically dismissed from his position. Dismissal from office is the only consequence of a positive vote in the political process in the Senate, but, later, it can be supplemented with a ban to run for office. However, this requires a separate new vote.
Thus, even in the unlikely situation of his resignation, Donald Trump could still run for presidential elections in 2020 if the Senate does not have an explicit ban in this regard.
Donald Trump is accused, first and foremost, by the House of Representatives of using the position of president of the republic to obtain personal benefits, thus ignoring or thus affecting the national interest. By calling on his Ukrainian counterpart and putting pressure on him to investigate one of his counter-candidates, President Trump is accused of abuse of power.
Donald Trump and Ukrainian President Volodimir Zelenski had a telephone conversation on July 25, 2019. The call stereogram shows that the US President has pressured his Ukrainian counterpart to launch an investigation into former Democratic Vice President Joe Biden and his son, who was in office. the board of directors of a company, Burisma, owned by a Ukrainian oligarch. (The appointment of Hunter Biden in this company was made in May 2014, after former President Viktor Yanukovych was ousted from power through protests in Maidan Square and after Russia began the process of annexation of Crimea.)
The July 2019 talks between Donald Trump and the newly installed President of Ukraine, Volodimir Zelenski, took place after the Trump administration postponed until mid-September to provide US military aid to Ukraine that had been approved by Congress. This decision by the White House to suspend military aid to Ukraine would have been a way to force President Zelensky to act in the way Donald Trump wanted.
Also, in his talk with Zelenski, Donald Trump is referring to the Democratic Party’s 2016 email hack, appearing to suggest that this server, named Crowdstrike, still exists somewhere in Ukraine, possibly in the possession of an oligarchy. Trump is asking for help finding this server, as the call stereogram shows.
Moreover, Trump would have sent the former New York mayor and his lawyer, Rudy Giuliani, to Ukraine to pressure Zelenski. Giuliani would have been in direct and constant contact with Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and Donald Trump himself.